Summary: The number of hate crimes per 100,000 residents and composition by bias type, as reported by law enforcement agencies to the California Department of Justice.
Data Source(s): California Department of Justice, OpenJustice, Hate Crimes, Criminal Justice Statistics Center (CJSC) Hate Crime database (HATE), openjustice.doj.ca.gov; U.S. Census Bureau, Intercensal Population Estimates and Vintage Population Estimates.
Universe: All hate crimes reported by law enforcement agencies to the California Department of Justice (numerator), estimated annual population from the U.S. Census Bureau (denominator).
Methods: Hate crimes reported are submitted to the Department of Justice (DOJ) on a monthly basis by law enforcement agencies (LEAs) throughout the state of California. A hate crime is defined as an event that involved one or more criminal offenses, committed against one or more victims, by one or more suspects or perpetrators where there is a reasonable cause to believe that the crime was motivated by the victim’s race, ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or physical or mental disability. If victims have more than one offense committed against them in a given incident, this data provides information on the most serious of the offenses committed.
It is important to note that due to various factors associated with underreporting, data presented here does not represent the totality of hate crime incidents that occur throughout the state of California. Some hate crimes are misidentified as hate incidents while others are unreported. As a result, there is missing data for certain geographies in certain years.
While the database contains data from 2001 onward, data presented here only include 2002 onward due to changes in data collection. In 2002, the DOJ began to count each offense in a hate crime event, whether it was one offense or multiple offenses (Hate Crimes Report 2013).
For the purposes of this indicator, hate crime records were aggregated by year, most serious bias type, and geography. The most serious bias type variable reflects the motivation of the most serious offense committed during a given hate crime incident. Most serious bias type categories include race/ethnicity/ancestry, religion, sexual orientation, disability, gender, and gender nonconformity.
Geographic aggregation was based on the LEA and County reporting the hate crime. Data on population was merged from the U.S. Census Intercensal and Vintage Population Estimates to derive the rate of hate crimes reported per 100,000 people. It is important to note that the number of hate crimes reported per 100,000 people reflect the total number of hate crimes reported for each year or period of years. For a period of multiple years, rates are calculated based on the average yearly population for a given geography. For more information on how the data is collected, see Hate Crime Context. See the methodology page for other relevant notes.
- This data does not represent the totality of hate crime incidents throughout the state of California.
- For city/place level geographies, only the hate crimes reported by agencies that operate entirely within city/place boundaries (i.e. not county-wide entities) are shown.
- No data available for geographies with zero hate crimes reported in a given time period.
- No data available for sub-counties (CPUMAs).